Haus Barkhausen is closely linked to the history of the Scheibler family, the builders of the famous “Red House” in Monschau. Here you can see the paintings of the ancestors of the family hanging in the apartment “Tuchmacher-Suite”.
Arnold Christian Scheibler
1745 – 1824
He is the son of the younger brother of Johann Heinrich Scheibler (builder of the “Red House”, the landmark of Monschau).
When he was 12 years old, he went with his father to Berlin, who was called by the Prussian King Frederick the Great as head of the royal cloth manufactory.
Arnold Christian Scheibler later returned to Monschau, married in 1775 the widow of his cousin Ernst Scheibler and founded his own cloth factory with a fulling mill on the Rur below this house, his home, which was completed in 1785.
Friedrich Jakob Scheibler
1774 – 1834
He is a grandson of Johann Heinrich Scheibler (builder of the “Red House”, the landmark of Monschau).
He was the first to use spinning machines with steam operation in Monschau and he was mayor of Monschau from 1812-1815.
After the death of his father Wilhelm Scheibler (1737 – 1797) he continued, together with his mother Theresia Elisabeth Scheibler, née Böcking (1744-1812), the cloth factory operated by his grandfather Johann Heinrich Scheibler.
In 1812 he married Johanna Maria Amalie Scheibler, daughter of Arnold Christian Scheibler.
Johann Heinrich Scheibler
1705 – 1765
He comes from a scholar family and is a great-grandson of Professor Christoph Scheibler (picture behind the stove)
He learned at his own request at a cloth manufacturer in Imgenbroich and at the age of 18, he took over the head of a cloth factory.
He led the Monschauer fabric production to an unexpected flowering through the processing of finest merino wool from Spain and improvement of dyeing techniques.
In addition, instead of the previously monochrome cloth, he weaved elaborate colored patterns, which were soon traded throughout Europe.
He is the builder of the Red House, the landmark of Monschau
Christoph Scheibler’s father was the Lutheran preacher and Master Johannes Scheibler (1553-1597). Christoph’s parents died in 1597 from the plague. Wealthy relatives in Gemünden welcomed the orphan.
Scheibler’s Liber sententiarum established his early scholarly fame. Philosophical core sentences are explained there.
Since 1610 he was professor of logic and metaphysics in Gießen and in 1625 he was appointed as superintendent and director of the Archigymnasium in Dortmund.